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1905 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

links and notes
February 1  After a court ruling to end unlicensed recording of copyright music, Pathé lays off 1,200 workers from its record department.  
February  In the UK Gaumont Ltd now claims to be producing 15-20 new films a month, 80,000 ft of film a week, at an average cost of £300. Actors are paid 2s 6d (12p) a day plus 4d (1.5p) for train fare. Extras (known as 'supers', presumably from supernumerary) are paid in beer at local pubs.  
February  Dr Doyen is granted copyright protection by a Parisian court in the films of his surgical operations that his cameraman, A-F Parnaland, has been selling. Doyen is deemed the 'principal author' of the films.  
April 1  French audio trade journal Phono-Gazette first appears, edited by Edmond Benoît-Lévy.  
April 23  Biograf Theater, CopenhagenBiografteatret cinema is opened at 47 Vimmelskaftet, Copenhagen by Ole Olsen [left]  
June  Pittsburg NickelodeonIn Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, vaudeville operator Harry Davis opens the first nickelodeon [right].  
July 15  Biograph screenings close at the Union Square Theatre in New York after more than eight years.  
August  The Daily Mirror is the first UK newspaper to be extensively illustrated using half-tone photographic reproduction.  
September  By now Pathé's French laboratories are printing 40,000 feet of positive film a day, much of it for the US market. [0071] > 1906 June
September  Chicago has now become established as 'the leading film market in the world', according to Billboard and a major location for film sales and rental companies. [0071]  
October 1  French audio trade journal Phono-Gazette becomes Phono-Ciné-Gazette from issue 13—the first to report the naw industry. Its coverage particularly includes legal, patent and technical matters.  
late  La Bonne Presse sets up a film distribution and equipment sales operation in Paris. In its first year it sells 460 projectors (its own design) and 67,500 metres of film. [0068]  
December 16  First issue of US entertainment trade paper Variety is published by Sime Silverman. The 16-page paper costs five cents.  
•  Pre-selective jukebox, the Multiphone, is invented by John C Dunton of Grand Rapids, Michigan.  
•  First film studio in Italy is built by the Cines Company, headed by Marchese Ernesto Pacelli and Barone Alberto Fassini. Another is built by Alberini & Santoni.  
•  First Italian fiction film: La Presa di Roma, 20 settembre 1870 by Filoteo Alberini.  
•  First commercial film shows in Persia are run by Sahâf Bâshi in Avenue Cheraq Gaz, Tehran.  
•  Gramophone Company in UK presents commemorative miniature gold discs to violinist Marie Hall.  
•  R W Paul invents the Maltese cross intermittent shutter mechanism for film projectors, synchronised with the pulldown mechanism in the gate. < 1896
•  Pathé is now producing 200 pieces of film equipment (cameras, projectors) a month from its factory at Belleville, Paris. At Joinville-le-Pont it is producing 12,000 feet of film prints a day from the 12,000 feet of negative produced during the year at its Vincennes studio. The cost of printing is Ffr 0.50 a foot. Sales typically run to 250 copies of a title, Pathé breaking even at around a dozen copies. [0068] Equipment > 1906
•  Léon Gaumont begins production of short sound films using his Chronophone, a sound film system linking film with discs. The projector and disc player are each driven by a dc motor, each with the same number of armatures, connected to the corresponding armatures of the other motor. To maintain synchronisation, the operator can use a lever to slow the projector and speed up the disc player or vice versa. Among subjects filmed are Coquelin in a scene from Cyrano de Bergerac, also filmed in 1900 by Clément-Maurice with his Phono-Cinéma-Théâtre system. [0024,0025, 0026a] > 1907
•  Lumière Brothers ceases film production.  
•  English film producer Cecil Hepworth builds an indoor studio with artificial lighting at Hurst Grove, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey. 0019  
•  Wireless Telegraphy Act is passed in Canada; the responsible authority is the Department of Marine and Fisheries.  
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Page updated 25 April 2009
© David Fisher