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1944 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

links and notes
  Cultural highlights | Predictions made this year  
January 1  African Journey is the first feature-length foreign film shown on American television.  
January 15  Patent is granted for the Eidophor television projection system. > 1955
February 10  BBC adopts a voluntary code not to broadcast any discussion of issues for two weeks before scheduled parliamentary debates—the so-called Fourteen Day Rule.  
February 20  First appearance of the Batman cartoon strip in US newspapers.  
February 21  NBC starts its War as It Happens news programme in New York.  
March 2  Academy Awards ceremony is held at Graumann's Chinese Theater in Hollywood for the first time, hosted by Jack Benny.  
  Golden Globe Awards are instituted by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association.  
April 10  Three US television stations link to transmit a programme, Patrolling the Ether, simultaneously.  
May 2  Television station WABD begins transmissions on channel 5 in New York. It becomes part of the DuMont network, later WNEW and then WNYW (part of the Fox network).  
June 6  BBC starts broadcasting War Report to mark the D-Day landings.  
June 7  AEF Programme, a joint British, Canadian and US radio service, begins broadcasting to the Allied Expeditionary Forces now beginning the liberation of Europe. Its signature tune is Oranges and Lemons. > 1945
June 30  Bush House, headquarters of the BBC European services, is hit by a German flying bomb.  
August 12 or 16  Probably the last day on which the German television studios in Paris were in use. As later reported after the Allied liberation, the site included four studios: one for a six-camera set-up and seating for 250, another about 130 ft x 60 ft an 25 ft high and two smaller ones of about 30 ft x 15 ft.  
August 16  J L Baird demonstrates his Telechrome colour all-electronic television receiver, with a 600-line three-gun tube comprising a fluorescent two-sided mosaic screen in a glass envelope, one side blue-green, the other side orange-red. Images of 600-line definition are triple-interlaced, requiring six scans (fields) to form one frame. A smaller Telechrome tube (now held by the National Museum of Photography, Film and Television at Bradford, Yorkshire) was subsequently made with one electron beam perpendicular to the screen. NMPFT
August 28  BBC begins broadcasting in Dutch to Indonesia and French to South-east Asia. These are the last foreign language services set up during wartime.  
September  Following liberation on September 9-10, Radio Luxembourg, which had been damaged by enemy action, is used by the Allies for psychological warfare, for a short time called 'The Voice of the United Nations on the Frontiers of Germany'. Station Twelve-Twelve (the frequency being 1212 metres) begins broadcasting what are ostensibly reports from regional underground operations within Germany.  
September 28  Boys from Boise is the first musical comedy shown on US television.  
autumn  Allied agents in occupied Europe begin to use 'Joan-Eleanor', a two-way radio communications system devised by Al Gross, operating at 250 MHz—beyond German frequency detection capability—and with a range of 30 miles. The Eleanor unit is housed in Mosquito aircraft but the Joan unit is small enough to fit in a pocket.  
October 1  French television transmissions re-commence from studios in the rue Cognacq-Jay, now under Allied control.  
October 8  First episode of Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet on CBS radio.  
late  J L Baird demonstrates the first facsimile television system, using scanned film as the source, with a transmission rate of 25 newspaper pages a second.  
late  British Lion Film Corporation buys Worton Hall Studios at Isleworth, west London, from Criterion Film Productions. The first British Lion production is The Shop at Sly Corner.  
November 4  In his regular broadcast for CBS radio, Edward R Murrow reports that television development continued in Paris during the Nazi occupation.  
•  CBS correspondent Charles Collingwood reports on a visit to the laboratories of Compagnie des Compteurs at Montrouge, near Paris, where research under René Barthélemy has continued during the occupation. A system of 819 lines is completed. A high definition 1015- and 1042-line systems has been under development since 1940 at an R&D cost of more than Ffr 10m. Compagnie des Compteurs has formed a subsidiary called Compagnie Francaise de Télévision.
        Collingwood also reports on a visit to the former German television studios in Paris.
November 11  American Federation of Musicians lifts its ban on recording by its members when RCA Victor and Columbia agree terms.  
November  American Forces Network (AFN) establishes its French headquarters in the Herald Tribune building in the rue de Berry, Paris. The French government provides a 15 kW transmitter.  
December 8  First issue of French film trade magazine Le Film Français, founded by Jean-Bernard Derosne et Jean-Placide Mauclaire.  
December 15  Aircraft carrying bandleader Major Glenn Miller is lost over the English Channel.  
December  British Decca Record Company issues first recordings made by ffrr (full-frequency-range recording). The techniques employed have been developed by a team under chief engineer Arthur Haddy as part of a secret war research project for RAF Coastal Command to make recordings illustrating the subtle differences in the sounds of British and German submarines. > 1945
•  Film cameras are used to record television pictures from cameras aboard US aircraft and guided missiles.  
•  Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinématographiques (IDHEC), the leading French film school, is founded in Paris.  
•  Centre Cinématographique Marocain (CCM) is founded in Morocco to develop and promote the country's film industry.  
•  UK: Odeon chain now comprises 619 cinemas, ABPC has 442—between them they control about one-third of all seating capacity. The ‘duopoly’ that will dominate UK cinema for over 40 years is born.  
•  Teddington Studios receives a direct hit by a flying bomb, causing suspension of production for four years. > 1948
•  Advisory Council on Children's Entertainment Films is set up in England. The first chairman is Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897-1972).  
•  BBC General Forces Programme introduced.  
•  By now over half of all US advertising agencies have television departments.  
•  Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company (3M) in US begins experimentation with magnetic coatings.  
•  Rise of disc-jockey radio programming in the USA.  
•  Frank Sinatra has the highest earned income for the year of any individual in the US: $1.4m.  
•  Alexander M Poniatoff founds Ampex Electric and Manufacturing Company in San Carlos, California.  
•  Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals is founded. Statement of principles
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Page updated 7 April 2007
© David Fisher