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1983 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.


links and notes
  Cultural highlights | Predictions made this year  
January 1  The Internet switches from Network Control Protocol (NCP) to Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).  
January 17  BBC starts Breakfast Time television programme on BBC1 to pre-empt the launch of TV-am.  
January 23  The A-Team action adventure series is first broadcast in the US.  
January  JVC, General Electric, Matsushita and Thorn EMI dissolve US partnership to support JVC’s VHD video disc system before launch.  
January  Philips and Sony announce plans for March 1983 European launch of compact disc (CD) players.  
January  Matsushita demonstrates prototype Optical Memory Disc Recorder (OMDR).  
February 1  Launch of UK breakfast-time commercial television service TV-am across all ITV regions. It attracts 800,000 viewers—compared with BBC Breakfast Time's 1.6m.  
February 28  Final 2½-hour episode of comedy series M*A*S*H, 'Goodbye, Farewell and Amen', is seen by around 125m people in 60.3m US homes—an all-time record rating by a substantial margin. Advertising time on the CBS network sells at a record $450,000 for 30 seconds.  
end February  TV-am's audience has fallen to 300,000 and the price of a 30-second commercial slot has fallen from £2,000 to £600.  
January  UK goverment removes British Telecom's monopoly on the first telephone instrument.  
early  Newly elected Labor federal government in Australia reduces the 10BA tax concession to 133 per cent. Since introduction of the scheme, Australian feature film output has more than doubled to 33 in the current year.  
March  Sega demonstrates prototype laser video disc-based arcade game in US.  
March  J2T video manufacturing partnership formed by JVC, Telefunken and Thorn EMI Ferguson to supply the European video market with VHS recorders, with factories at Berlin, Germany and Newhaven, England.  
April 18 07:00  Walt Disney Company launches the Disney Channel as a premium cable channel transmitted for 16 hours a day. > 1 December 1986
April 27  UK government publishes White Paper on cable policy.  
April  JVC launches VHD video disc system to Japanese consumer market. The Quest for Home Video: VHD
April  CNN becomes available in Australia.  
April  Mercury starts its first telecom service in the City of London.  
May  Cellular radio (mobile) telephone licences are granted to UK operators Cellnet and Racal-Vodafone.  
May  Rupert Murdoch’s News International buys a 65 per cent stake in Satellite Television, which increases its output from two to six hours a day as it moves onto Eutelsat. > 1984
June 15  European Broadcasting Union recommends adoption of the C-MAC signal encoding standard for all European direct broadcasting by satellite (DBS) services.  
July  First video disc-based arcade game Dragon’s Lair results in US national craze.  
August  RCA demonstrates random-access facilities of its latest CED video disc player in the USA.  
August  Sony introduces the Watchman II 'pocket' television receiver. It weighs only 415g and costs ¥39,800. So far, Sony has sold 70,000 of the first version.  
August  Australian government reduces the tax write-off concession on film investment to 120 per cent.  
September 2  Prototype camera cassette recorder (CCR or camcorder) based on VHS-C compact videocassette format is shown at the Berlin Funkausstellung by JVC. The Quest for Home Video: VHS
September  In-car CD players are demonstrated at Berlin Funkausstellung.  
October  RCA and Hitachi launches SelectaVision CED video disc to UK consumer market. The Quest for Home Video: CED
November 29  UK Home Office awards interim licences for broadband cable networks to be built; of 37 applications, 11 are granted: Aberdeen, Belfast, Coventry, Croydon, Ealing, Glasgow, Guildford, Liverpool South, Swindon, Westminster and Windsor. The 63 surviving narrowband cable systems are licensed to carry satellite programmes, provided subscribers can still receive the four terrestrial channels either by cable or off-air.  
November  UK government announces that only British Telecom and Mecury Communications will be allowed to install fixed line telecommunications networks over the next seven years. The Quest for Home Video: VHD
November  Thorn EMI and JVC announce professional VHD video disc players for UK. The Quest for Home Video: VHD
December 8  In the UK parliament, the House of Lords votes (74 to 24) in favour of allowing its debates to be televised.  
December  Lloyds Bank confirms plans for £4m investment in interactive video training using Philips LaserVision in 1,500 UK branches. The Quest for Home Video: LaserVision
December  Audio compact disc (CD) standard is formally agreed by Philips and Sony.  
December  First arcade game based on CED video disc system is introduced in the USA by Bally. The Quest for Home Video: CED
•  Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) is reconstituted as the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC).  
August  In Turkey the Radio and Television Law amends Article 133 of the Constitution which, since 1923, has given the state a broadcasting monopoly, reinforced by Law no 2954, which is anulled. < 1964
•  NHK conducts practical tests of using teletext subtitles for the hearing impaired in Tokyo and Osaka.  
•  US Federal Communications Commission abolishes licensing of Citizens Band (CB) radio.  
•  IBM produces the first personal computer with an integral hard-disk drive.  
•  Apple Computers develops computer interface software based on pull-down menus and a 'mouse'.  
•  Virgin Games is founded as part of Richard Branson's Virgin Group.  
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Page updated 9 September 2010
© David Fisher