Individual media Reference department
Quotations department Media department Reference department



Many books, journals, newspapers, websites and other sources have been used in compiling Chronomedia. Bearing in mind that the material has been gathered over a period of more than 30 years, some sources used to check a single reference may not have been recorded at the time and have been forgotten.
        In response to a number of requests from readers for more details and/or clarification, a fresh start has been made on compiling a list of references. This should allow more transparency in determining sources of information. In future, a reference number will be added to entries, where appropriate, with a link to this page. An attempt will also be made to add such references retrospectively to existing entries.

The   icon will take you back to the page you came from.


0001 • Albert Abramson: Electronic Motion Pictures. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1955. Reprinted New York: Arno Press, 1974. [Thanks to Patrick von Sychowski for lending a copy.]

0002 • John Barnes: The Beginnings of the Cinema in England 1894-1901. 5 volumes with revisions. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1976-1998.

0003 • Andrew Bibby, Cathy Denford and Jerry Cross: Local Television: Piped dreams? Milton Keynes: Redwing Press, 1979.

0004 • Robert Bridges (ed): The BBC's Recommendations for Pronouncing Doubtful Words. SPE Tract no XXXII. London: Clarendon Press, 1929, 3rd imp 1931.

0005 • Asa Briggs: History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom. Oxford: OUP, 5 volumes.
    a Volume I. The Birth of Broadcasting. 1961
    b Volume II. The Golden Age of Wireless. 1965
    c Volume III. The War of Words. 1970
    d Volume IV. Sound and Vision. 1979
    e Volume V. Competition. 1995

0006 • Joel W Finler: The Hollywood Story. London: Octopus Books, 1988.

0007 • Ivan Harris: History of the CBC. Ottawa: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1976.

0008 • Melvin Harris: ITN Book of Firsts: The invention and origin of nearly everything. London: Michael O'Mara Books, 1994.

0009 • Paul A Harris: When Pirates Ruled the Waves. Aberdeen: Impulse Publications, 1968. 4th edn, August 1970.

0010 • Penelope Houston: Keepers of the Frame: The film archives. London: British Film Institute, 1994.

0011 • Peter M Lewis: Community Television and Cable in Britain. London: British Film Institute, 1978.

0012 • Lawrence Lichty and Malachi Topping (eds): American Broadcasting. New York, Hastings House, 1975.

0013 • Geoffrey Nowell-Smith (ed): The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford: OUP, 1996.

0014 • George Perry: The Great British Picture Show. London: Pavilion Books in association with Michael Joseph, 1974. 2nd edn, 1985.

0015 • Patrick Robertson: The Guinness Book of Film Facts and Feats. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives, 1980.
—especially for identifying first film productions

0016 • Royal Television Society History and Archives Group: Television Buildings. London, Royal Television Society, June 1997.

0017 • Anthony Smith (ed): British Broadcasting. Newton Abbott: David & Charles, 1974.

0018 • Vestry House Museum, Walthamstow: "Flickering Screens: Film Studios and Cinemas in Waltham Forest" exhibition, December 1991.

0019 • Patricia Warren: British Film Studios, An illustrated history. London, B T Batsford, 1995.

0020 • Shell Book of Firsts.

0021 • The Guardian and BBC Worldwide: The Guardian Century CD-ROM. London, 2000.

0022 • Kine Yearbook.

0023 • Whitakers Almanack, various years.

0024 • Who's Who of Victorian Cinema website.

0025 • Scott Eyman: The Speed of Sound: Hollywood and the talkie revolution 1926-1930. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. An excellent and detailed report of the transition.

0026 • Journal of the SMPTE.
    a Vol 60,1, January 1959
    b E I Sponable: 'Historical Development of Sound Films', Vol 48,4, April 1947

0027 • Elisabeth Weis and John Belton (eds): Film Sound: Theory and Practice, Columbia University Press, 1985.

0028 • Association of Motion Picture Sound Newsletter Spring 1994.

0029 • Daily Chronicle, 27 August 1913.

0030 • The British Film Industry, PEP (Political and Economic Planning), London, May 1952.

0031 • Thomas Cripps: Hollywood's High Noon: Movemaking and society before television. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

0032 • Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson, Commissioner of Education of New York, et al. No 552, Supreme Court of the United States 343 U.S. 495. 1952 [The full text is available online.]

0033 • Rachael Low: Film Making in 1930s Britain. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1985.

0034 • Personal communication from Gergely Juhαsz, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. [Thank you!] References: G Latrι: 'The 1535 Coverdale Bible and Its Antwerp Origins' in Orlaith O'Sullivan (ed): The Bible as book. The Reformation. London: British Library, 2000; P Arblaster, G Juhasz and G Latrι (eds): Tyndale's Testament. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002

0035 • Michael Wakelin: J Arthur Rank, The man behind the gong. Oxford: Lion Publishing, 1996.

0036 • Kristin Thompson: 'The Rise and Fall of Film Europe' in Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby (eds): "Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, commerce and cultural exchange 1920-1939. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1999.

0037 •

0038 • Richard Maltby: 'The Cinema and the League of Nations' in Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby (eds): "Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, commerce and cultural exchange 1920-1939. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1999.

0039 • League of Nations Photo Archive, Indiana University Center for the Study of Global Change, Bloomington, Indiana.

0040 • Thomas H Guback: The International Film Industry: Western Europe and America since 1945. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1969.

0041 • Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby (eds): "Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, commerce and cultural exchange 1920-1939. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1999.

0042 • Parliament of Australia Parliamentary Library website.

0043 • Radio Vatican website.

0044 • Maurice Gorham: Sound and Fury: Twenty-one years in the BBC. London: Percival Marshall, 1948.

0045 • J Habermas: The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. London: Polity Press, 1989.

0046 • Mervyn LeRoy: Mervyn LeRoy, Take One

0047 • Jason Jacobs: The Intimate Screen: Early British television drama. Oxford Television Studies, OUP, 2000.

0048 • William Boddy: ‘The beginnings of American television’ in Anthony Smith (ed): Television: An international history, 1995.

0049 • Iris: Legal observations of the European Audiovisual Observatory, 1995-.

0050 • Matthew Bernstein: Walter Wanger: Hollywood independent, University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

0051 • Brighton Herald, 28 January 1899.

0052 • Judy Middleton: Film-makers, Cinemas and Circuses at Hove, [self-published] October 2001.

0053 • D Robert Elleray: A Refuge from Reality: The cinemas of Brighton & Hove, Hastings: Olio Books, 1989.

0054 • James Wood: History of International Broadcasting, Stevenage: Peter Peregrinus/The Science Museum, London, 1994. An interesting book, spoiled by sloppy editing that let through numerous small errors

0055 • Motion Picture Herald, 15 June 1940.

0056 • Derek Bouse: Wildlife Films, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.

0057 • Tele-Tech & Electronic Industries, July 1954.

0058 • Lewis Jacobs: The Rise of the American Film: A critical history, Harcourt, Brace and Company, New York, 1939.

0059 • Clayton R Koppes & Gregory D Black: Hollywood Goes to War: Patriotism, Movies and the Second World War from 'Ninotchka' to 'Mrs Miniver', Tauris Parke Paperbacks, London, 2000.

0060 • BBC Handbook 1958, British Broadcasting Corporation, London, 1958.

0061 • Robert Selvey, head of audience research: BBC internal memo, October 1937.

0062 • Independent Television in Britain. Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1982-1990.
    a Volume 1. Bernard Sendall: Origin and Foundation, 1946-62
    b Volume 2. Bernard Sendall: Expansion and Change, 1958-68
    c Volume 3. Jeremy Potter: Politics and Control, 1968-80
    d Volume 4. Jeremy Potter: Companies and Programmes, 1968-80

0063 • Michael Darlow: Independents Struggle: The programme makers who took on the TV establishment. Quartet Books, London, 2004.

0064 • New York Times.
    a Jody Rosen: 'Researchers play tune recorded before Edison', 27 March 2008

0065 • FIFA (Fιdιration International de Football Association).

0066 • Statistics Iceland.

0067 • Don Fairservice: Film Editing: History, theory and practice. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001.

0068 • Richard Abel: The Cinι Goes to Town: French cinema 1896-1914. Updated and expanded edition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.

0069 • James Chapman: Cinemas of the World. London: Reaktion Books, 2003.

0070 • Motion Picture Herald. New York: Quigley Publishing Company, 1931-1972.

0071 • Richard Abel: The Red Rooster Scare. Making cinema American 1900-1910. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999.

0072 • Luke McKernan (ed): A Yank in Britain: The lost memoirs of Charles Urban. Hastings: The Projection Box, 1999.

0073 • Cinema Treasures website.

0074 • James Chapman: The British at War: Cinema, state and propaganda 1939-1945. London: I B Tauris Publishers, 1998.

0075 • Kine Weekly. London: Kinematograph Publications.
    a 12 December 1940

0076 • Sarah Street: Transatlantic Crossings: British feature films in the USA. New York/London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2002.

0077 • Margaret Dickinson and Sarah Street: Cinema and State: The film industry and the British government 1927-1984. London: British Film Institute, 1985.

0078 • Boxoffice: The pulse of the motion picture industry. Kansas City/New York: Associated Publications, weekly 1920-date.
    a 3 May 1952

0079 • Gerald R Butters and Gerald R Butters Jr: Banned in Kansas: Motion picture censorship 1915-1966. Kansas City: Univesity of Missouri Press, 2007.

0080 • History of British Film.
    d Rachel Low, Jeffrey Richards, Roger Manvell: Volume 4: 1918-1929. London: Routledge, revised edn 1997.

0081 • David Waterman: Hollywood's Road to Riches. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2005.

0082 • Mass Observation (Charles Madge and Tom Harrisson): Britain. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1939 (Penguin Special S19).

0083 • Report of the Indian Cinematograph Committee 1927-1928. Calcutta: Government of India Central Publications Branch, 1928.

0084 • Screen Digest.

Page updated 25 February 2013