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1820 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

links and notes
•  Manchester Guardian newspaper is founded as a liberal weekly by J E Taylor. It becomes a daily in 1855
August 4  Saturday Evening Post weekly magazine is launched in the US. It continues until 1969.
•  Principles of electromagnetic rotation discovered by Michael Faraday (1791-1867).  
•  Augustin Fresnel (1788-1827), in his research into the theory of polarised light, discovers that light waves vibrate transversely, at right angles to the direction of propagation, and not longitudinally (like sound).  
•  Charles Wheatstone (1802-1875) [right] demonstrates sound reproduction.  
1822 Chronokey  
July  Daguerre's Paris DioramaFirst Diorama, combining partially translucent paintings with lighting effects, opened in Paris by Louis-Jacques Mandé Daguerre (1759-1851) and Claude-Marie Bouton.  
•  Joseph Nicéphor NičpceNičpce's first cameraNičpce's first photograph
J N Ničpce’s first photograph, requiring nine hours’ exposure, is made using a glass plate coated with bitumen of Judea, which hardens when exposed to light.
> 1827
•  The Sunday Times newspaper is founded in London.  
  A multifaceted lens for use in lighthouses is invented in France by Augustin Fresnel.  
1823 Chronokey  
August 2  Weekly New York Mirror and Ladies Literary Gazette, forerunner of the New York Mirror daily newspaper is first published.  
September  Second Daguerre/Bouton Diorama opens in Regents Park, London.  
•  First British illustrated annual, Forget-me-not, published.  
•  Charles Babbage makes his first attempts to construct a calculating machine.  
1824 Chronokey  
•  Le Globe newspaper founded in Paris.  
December  Peter Mark Roget (of Thesaurus fame) presents a paper on the persistence of vision to the Royal Society in London, illustrated with a thaumatrope.  
•  Premičre of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony ('The Choral') Op.127 in Vienna.  
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Page updated 14 November 2008
© David Fisher