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1899 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

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March 27  Marconi station at South ForelandMarconi receives the first wireless signals across the English Channel at his ship-to-shore station at South Foreland Lighthouse near Dover [left] from Boulogne, France.  
March  Edward Raymond Turner patents an additive three-colour film system. Developed in the UK with financial backing from Frederick Marshall Lee, the camera operates at 48 frames per second, using red, green and blue filters. > 1903
March-December  Around 30 films are made for the Queensland state government in Australia by government photographer Fred C Wills to promote immigration to the state. These may have been the first sponsored documentary and first state-funded productions.  
•  Birt Acres and R W Paul open a film studio in north London, the first in the UK.  
•  A C Bromhead of the Gaumont Ltd film agency in London establishes an open-air film studio on a four-acre cricket ground site at Loughborough Junction in Brixton, south London. > 1901 January
•  Cecil Hepworth leases a house at Walton-on-Thames for £36 a year, builds a film studio in the back garden and establishes his own production company, Hepwix.  
•  Sultan of Turkey has his country’s first film show in private, given by Don Ramirez, a Spanish showman, who then opens the show at his Electric Circus in Constantinople.  
•  Marconi transmits wireless telegraph reports on the Americas Cup yacht race from off the New England coast to New York; messages reach New York within 75 seconds.  
November  First film known to have been made by an Indian (cf 1897): The Wrestlers, directed by Harishchandra Sakharam Bhatavdekar (1868-?) in Bombay, using a Riley camera acquired from London in 1898.  
•  Georges Méliès’ productions start to become significantly longer: Cendrillon (Cinderella) is 410 feet (seven minutes), L’Affaire Dreyfus is 240 metres (13 minutes).  
•  Circus owner J A W Grönross establishes Pohjola, the first film production company in Finland.  
•  American Mutoscope Company changes its name to American Mutoscope & Biograph Company. It becomes generally knows as just Biograph. The company makes the first film of a living US president, William McKinley and W K L Dickson makes the first film of a Pope at the Vatican. Its film of the Jeffries-Sharkey prize fight is a success, especially in those US states that ban live boxing. The outcome of the fight is already well known from press reports but this does not affect attendances. > 2006
•  Danish physicist Valdemar Poulsen patents the telegraphone, a device for recording sound on a steel wire, similar to piano wire.  
•  Painting of the dog Nipper by Francis Barraud [right] is bought by William Barry Owen. The painting is named 'His Master's Voice'.  
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Page updated 24 November 2008
© David Fisher