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1906 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

links and notes
March  Pathé's Paris factories have a production capacity of 200 items of equipmnent—mainly projectors and cameras—a month.  
April 6  First animated cartoon film is copyrighted in the US.  
April  First weekly trade paper specificallty for the US cinema industry, Views and Films Index is launched with financial backing from Pathé and Vitagraph.  
April  Biograph successfully defends against Edison's patent litigation in the US Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York.  
April  Walter Booth makes the first UK animated film for the Charles Urban Trading Company: The Hand of the Artist, using chalk drawings on a blackboard.  
April  Alberini and Santoni studio in Rome changes its name to Cines.  
April  First UK pay phone kiosk opens in the Ludgate Circus Post Office, London.  
April 26  First film screening in Hawaii.  
May 13  A 'film festival' (fête cinématographique) is organised by the Société Populaire des Beaux-Arts at the Trocadéro Théâtre in Paris. The three-hour ptogramme is seen by 4,000 people and repeated two weeks later with more films..  
May  First Finnish films are made by Atelier Apollo, owned by K E Stahlberg (see 1904 April 3). Company produces 110 short films up to its closure in 1913—nearly half Finland’s entire film output for the period.  
June  In nine months Pathé's French laboratories have doubled output to 80,000 feet of print film a day. The company is releasing up to six new titles a week. It is averaging advance US orders of 75 copies per title. It has a staff of 300 women making colour prints by the stencilling method while a mechanised system is being developed.[0071]  
July  George Albert Smith makes the first test film in Kinemacolor outside his house at Southwick, near Brighton, Sussex. He has abandoned a three-colour approach for two-colour. > November
July  New French legislation requires all workers to have a weekly rest day, giving them more time to visit cinemas.  
August 11  Eugène Lauste, now funded by London Cinematograph and with a workshop in Brixton, London applies for a patent on a sound-on-film process. Sound energy from a microphone is fed to a thin metal strip that vibrates and focuses the light through a slit onto the film. [0025]  
August 22  First Victor Victrola gramophone is made. Made by the recently formed Victor Talking Machine Company at Camden, NJ, its main innovation is a horn enclosed in the cabinet. It sells for $200.  
August 30  French film production company L'Eclipse is formed as an offshoot of the Paris office of Charles Urban Trading Company, UK's largest distributor.  
October  Pathé record company introduces discs.  
November 3  International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin adopts SOS as the international distress signal, replacing CQD, to become effective from 1 July 1908. > 1999 February 1
November 6  Nordisk Films Kompagni is founded by Ole Olsen, a farmhand turned fairground showman, in the Valby suburb of Copenhagen, Denmark. Its first studio, the oldest still surviving in the world [photographed in 1912, right], is built this year. The company quickly becomes second only to Pathé in world film production. > 1914
November  G A Smith's Kinemacolor process is patented. With a camera speed of 32 frames a second, alternate frames are shot through red-orange and blue-green sections of a filter in front of the camera and projected in similar manner. > 1908
November  Pathé's films ales: 100,000 feet a day.  
December 3  Gaumont film company is incorporated in France with capital of Ffr 2.5m.  
December 15  Pathé-Frères opens its first purpose-built cinema, the 300-seat Omnia-Pathé, next door to the Théâtre des Variétés and opposite the Musée Grévin on the boulevard Montmartre in Paris.  
December 24  Voice/music radio broadcast made by Professor Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (1868-1932) from the National Electric Signalling Company’s experimental station at Brant Rock, Massachusetts, is heard several hundred miles away. The music is Handel’s ‘Largo’.  
December 26  Story of the Kelly Gang (1906)Première at the Athanaeum Hall, Melbourne, of the first film said to last more than an hour: The Story of the Kelly Gang, directed by Charles Tait and produced by J & N Tait mainly at Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia for £1,000. It grosses £25,000 from release in Australia and the UK, where it is released just over a year later. Its length (4,000 ft) was variously described as running from 40 minutes to over an hour, depending on the projection speed. Australia produces 21 of the 35 ‘feature’ films made worldwide in the next five years (1907-11)

This film was released on DVD in 2007 by the National Film and Sound Archive
•  Pathécolor film system is patented by the Pathé company in France. The mechanical stencilling technique (au pochoir) allows up to six colours to be applied to black and white films.  
•  Pathé's output of equipment at Belleville has increased to 250 units a month. [0068]  
•  French studios begin to produce fictional film series, eg, Pathé's Boireau with André Deed, followed within the next four years by most of the successful studios..  
•  Kinematograph Manufacturers Association is formed in the UK. See also 1912 October
•  Nickelodeons begin to open at a rapid rate in the US. These purpose-built cinemas are so called because of the admission charge: five cents (a nickel). In the UK nickelodeons are known as 'penny gaffs'.  
•  First purpose-built Australian cinema is opened by the British exhibitor T J West. see also 1909
  First cinema is opened in Iceland by Alfred Lind, who later becomes a director.  
•  Alexandra Cinema. BlackburnConstruction begins of the Alexandra cinema in Dock Street, Blackburn, Lancashire on the site of stables and a windmill—making it probably the first such building started in the UK. However, it does not open until Easter 1909 by which time other purpose-built cinemas have opened.
[Picture source: Blackburn with Darwen Library Service]
> 1907
•  The Police Commission in Berlin establishes pre-release censorship of films.  
•  First Algerian film, La Prière du Muezzin, made by Félix Mesguiche, who makes the first Algerian drama film, Ali Boufe à l’huile the following year. > 1963
•  Dictograph electro-mechanical loudspeaker introduced in New York by Hutchinson Acoustic Company.  
•  Disc-playing jukebox with a pre-selective mechanism, the John Gabel Automatic Entertainer, is introduced by the Automatic Machine and Tool Co, Chicago, holding 24 10-inch discs.  
•  First Brazilian drama film, Os Estranguladores, directed by Antonio Leal and Isaac Sandenberg, is based on material from police records.  
•  British Sunday newspaper The Observer bought by Lord Northcliffe, founder of the Daily Mail. < 1900
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Page updated 11 December 2008
© David Fisher