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1899 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.


links and notes
March 27  Marconi station at South ForelandMarconi receives the first wireless signals across the English Channel at his ship-to-shore station at South Foreland Lighthouse near Dover [left] from Boulogne, France.  
March  Edward Raymond Turner patents an additive three-colour film system. Developed in the UK with financial backing from Frederick Marshall Lee, the camera operates at 48 frames per second, using red, green and blue filters. > 1903
March-December  Around 30 films are made for the Queensland state government in Australia by government photographer Fred C Wills to promote immigration to the state. These may have been the first sponsored documentary and first state-funded productions.  
•  Birt Acres and R W Paul open a film studio in north London, the first in the UK.  
•  A C Bromhead of the Gaumont Ltd film agency in London establishes an open-air film studio on a four-acre cricket ground site at Loughborough Junction in Brixton, south London. > 1901 January
•  Cecil Hepworth leases a house at Walton-on-Thames for £36 a year, builds a film studio in the back garden and establishes his own production company, Hepwix.  
•  Sultan of Turkey has his country’s first film show in private, given by Don Ramirez, a Spanish showman, who then opens the show at his Electric Circus in Constantinople.  
•  Marconi transmits wireless telegraph reports on the Americas Cup yacht race from off the New England coast to New York; messages reach New York within 75 seconds.  
November  First film known to have been made by an Indian (cf 1897): The Wrestlers, directed by Harishchandra Sakharam Bhatavdekar (1868-?) in Bombay, using a Riley camera acquired from London in 1898.  
•  Georges Méliès’ productions start to become significantly longer: Cendrillon (Cinderella) is 410 feet (seven minutes), L’Affaire Dreyfus is 240 metres (13 minutes).  
•  Circus owner J A W Grönross establishes Pohjola, the first film production company in Finland.  
•  American Mutoscope Company changes its name to American Mutoscope & Biograph Company. It becomes generally knows as just Biograph. The company makes the first film of a living US president, William McKinley and W K L Dickson makes the first film of a Pope at the Vatican. Its film of the Jeffries-Sharkey prize fight is a success, especially in those US states that ban live boxing. The outcome of the fight is already well known from press reports but this does not affect attendances. > 2006
•  Danish physicist Valdemar Poulsen patents the telegraphone, a device for recording sound on a steel wire, similar to piano wire.  
•  Painting of the dog Nipper by Francis Barraud [right] is bought by William Barry Owen. The painting is named 'His Master's Voice'.  
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Page updated 24 November 2008
© David Fisher