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1885 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.


links and notes
March 3  American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) is incorporated as a subsidiary of the American Bell Company.  
May 2  First edition of Good Housekeeping magazine is published in the USA.  
June 27  Chichester Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter apply for a patent (341214, granted 1886 May 4) on a phonograph-type apparatus called the graphophone that improves on Edison’s principles by specifying cardboard discs coated with wax in which a vibrating style cuts a narrow spiral groove. In practice Bell and Tainter decide to use cylinders rather than discs and still employ hill-and-dale inscribing rather than lateral-cut.  
November 26/27  First photograph of a meteor shower is taken.  
  A long-distance telephone line opens between London and Brighton, the first in the UK. No extra charge is made for trunk calls.  
  The annual subscription for a telephone service is 20 in London (of which 2 is paid in royalties to the Postmaster-General), Ffr 600 (24) in Paris, $150 (30) in New York, $120 (24) in Boston and $125 (25) in Chicago. In the UK, the United Telephone Company offers domestic connection for 12 a year to anyone with a business subscription; its smaller rival, The London & Globe Telephone & Maintenance Company, offers connection for 10 guineas (10.50) a year.  
  In the UK, telegrams may be dictated over the telephone. Telephone subscribers must pay a deposit of the estimated cost of one month’s telegram charges and receive a monthly statement of account.  
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Page updated 9 April 2008
David Fisher