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1894 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.


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January 7  Fred Ott's Sneeze, filmed on this day, is the first film registered at the Library of Congress for copyright in the US two days later.  
January 9  First battery operated telephone switchboard is opened at Lexington, Massachusetts by the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company.  
February 5  A private projected screening of Edison films is given by Jean Acme LeRoy at the RIley brothers' magic lantern shop at 16 Beckman Street, New York.  
April 1  Manufacture and sale of Kinetoscope equipment is transferred to the Edison Manufacturing Company.  
April 14  Holland Bros Kinetoscope Parlor opens near Times Square at 115 Broadway, New York—formerly a shoe shop—with 10 peepshow Kinetoscopes showing either of two selections of five Edison films for 25 cents. First day’s takings: $120.  
September 1  General Post Office introduces half-penny UK postage rate for postcards, precipitating a boom in picture postcards, reaching its peak in the decade before the First World War and causing extensive photographic documentation of British and foreign townscapes and topography.  
September/
October 
Lumiere film framesFollowing the acquisition by their father Antoine of the Bouly's cinematographe patent (Bouly having been unable to pay the annual renewal fee), Auguste and Louis Lumière use their newly constructed cinématographe to film La Sortie des Ouvriers de l’Usine Lumière (Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory—below) in Lyon. The image format begins with a 5:4 aspect ratio, as in the actual size frames shown here (above right), but changes to 4:3 in conformity with Dickson’s design for Edison.
 
October 18  Frank Zeveley Maguire and Joseph Delaney Baucus, the two American partners in the Continental Commerce Company, open a 12-machine Kinetoscope parlour at 70 Oxford Street, London, following a private view the previous evening and a dinner at the Horse Shoe Hotel in Tottenham Court Road. Maguire and Baucus have obtained world rights from Edison to market the Kinetoscope outside North America.  
October  A Kinetoscope parlour is opened in France at 20 boulevard Poissonière, Paris.  
November 30  A Kinetoscope parlour is opened in Australia at 148 Pitt Street, Sydney by theatre impressario James McMahon. The parlour has five Edison machines, each showing a different 20-second film; the admission charge is 1s.  
November/
December 
Because Edison has failed to patent the Kinetoscope in the UK, Robert W Paul (1869-1943) copies the design and instals 15 machines in the Earl’s Court exhibition hall in London.  
•  Polish inventor Kazimierz Prószynski builds a film camera/projector, which he calls the Pleograph. • 
•  Albert Puskás, younger brother of the late Théodore Puskás, starts Telefon Hirmondó (Telephone Herald) news service in Pest (Budapest) over a special 168-mile long cable running under the windows of houses for 28 news and information bulletins during 14 hours a day. Service runs until late 1920s and achieves 6,000 subscribers.  
late  Leading French Catholic publisher of La Bonne Presse, an Augustinian order, begins a project for 'religious learning through images'. [0068] > 1903
•  US monthly trade journal Billboard Advertising is launched. > 1897 July 1
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Page updated 11 January 2009
© David Fisher