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1997 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

links and notes
  Cultural highlights | Predictions made this year  
January 31  France officially abandons Morse code for maritime radio communications.  
January  DVD Video players start to trickle onto the US retail market.  
January  UK cable operators announce a special deal for schools to connect to the Internet.  
January  Nethold Nordic and Telenor form a joint venture to launch digital satellite television.  
February 13  First reported incidence of DVD hardware going on sale in Europe: 250 shops in Denmark take delivery of players.  
March 1  French electronics manufacturer Thomson puts demonstration DVD players into branches of Fnac entertainment department store in France with a suggested retail price of Ffr 4,990 (€755, $878).  
March 13  Net Book Agreement, under which publishers could dictate the price at which UK booksellers could offer books, is ruled anti-competitive by the Restrictive Practices Court and is banned.  
March 25  British film The English Patient wins nine Oscars at the Academy Awards ceremony.  
March 25  GEC-Marconi donates its Marconi Collection of historic radio and television broadcasting items to the Science Museum.  
March 30  Channel 5 launches in the UK—the fifth and last national analogue terrestrial television channel.  
March  Sweden’s Sandrews and Norway’s Schibsted create a film exhibition joint venture for the Nordic region, Sandrews Metronome Theatres starting with a 10-screen multiplex development in Finland.  
March 1  Nintendo 64 games console is launched in Europe.  
April 22  ITV Network is criticised by the Independent Television Commission for scheduling too many soap operas and not enough arts and documentary programmes.  
May 6  Capital Radio buys the Virgin Radio group from Richard Branson for £65m.  
May 7  British Interactive Broadcasting (BIB) is formed as a joint venture between BT (32.5 per cent), BSkyB (32.5 per cent), Midland Bank (20 per cent) and Matsushita (15 per cent) to develop interactive digital satellite services that will become available from autumn 1998.  
May 8  Bell Canada and Telus are authorised by Canadian Radio-television Telecommunications Commission to conduct two-year experiments delivering telecommunications and broadcasting services over specially-built digital networks: Bell Canada to 3,500 homes in London, Ontario and Repentigny, Quebec and Telus to 2,000 subscribers in Calgary and 1,400 subscribers in Edmonton.  
May 15  Arts Council of England awards £92.25m to three (rather than the planned four) consortia to make 90 British films.  
May  In Sweden, Sveriges Television, Canal Plus (Filmnet) and Telenor agree to work towards a common digital satellite television platform.  
June 10  Scottish Media acquires Grampian Television.  
June 20  BSkyB agrees to sell its 33 per cent stake in British Digital Broadcasting (BDB) to its partners Granada and Carlton Communications, to clear the way for a licence, which the Independent Television Commission has indicated will not be issued to a group containing BSkyB.  
June 24  British Digital Broadcasting (BDB) wins the licence for digital terrestrial television (DTT), beating one other contender, DTN.  
June 25  Granada Television announces it is to acquire Yorkshire-Tyne Tees Television.  
June  Shareholders approve the proposed merger of Finnish newspaper group Aamulehti and TV company MTV Oy.  
July 28  Channel Four's levy paid to ITV is to be phased out, the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport announces.  
July  Finland's second national commercial TV channel Nelonen (Channel Four) is launched by Ruutunelonen, in which Helsinki Media Company and Egmont are major shareholders.  
August 23  Oasis album Be Here Now sells 696,000 copies in the first two days on release, making it the fastest selling album in the UK ever.  
September 6  Funeral of Princess Diana is seen on television around the world. The recording by Elton John of a rewritten version of Candle in the Wind is rush-released and sells 1.5m copies in a week, to double the record for the fastest-selling single ever in the UK. The recording also overtakes White Christmas as the biggest selling record of all time.  
September 15  The domain name is registered.  
September 29  First DVD discs are released in Australia by Roadshow Entertainment, ahead of availability of DVD Video players early in October.  
September  Swedish television company Modern Times Group demerges from parent Kinnevik.  
November 23  Prasar Bharti is established in India to run public service broadcasting, uniting All India Radio and Doordarshan—hitehrto separate units of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting—in one organisation.  
November 27  Aksjón/N4 television channel begins broadcasting in Iceland. [0066]  
December  Sweden's Telia becomes the Nordic region's first cable operator to launch digital services, initially to five urban areas. Service includes channels and PPV service from Canal Digital.  
•  Norwegian parliament passes the Media Ownership Act, to be overseen by a Media Ownership Authority with the power to prevent establishment of 'significant ownership positions' in local, regional or national media by single entities. [0049]  
•  Iceland relaxes film censorship, no longer editing films for content or banning them outright, and changes the name of the administration body from Kvikmyndaeftirlit Ríkisins to Kvikmyndaskoðun. > 2006 July 1
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Page updated 31 December 2010
© David Fisher