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1865 Chronokey Chronomedia index
Numbers after entries link to the list of references.

links and notes
  Cultural highlights | Predictions made this year  
March 3  Provisions for photographs are included in the US Copyright Act.  
May 17  International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is established in Paris at the first International Telegraph Convention; ITU is now a specialised agency of the United Nations.  
July 23  Great Eastern cable-layingSS Great Eastern [right], the world’s largest ship, sets out from Valentia, Ireland to lay a submarine cable across the Atlantic for the Atlantic Telegraph Company. The cable snaps after 1,186 nautical miles. > 1866
•  J W and I S Hyatt in USA start commercial production of celluloid. See also 1861, 1870
1866 Chronokey  
July 13-July 27  First lasting transatlantic telegraph cable is laid by SS Great Eastern from Valentia, Ireland to Heart’s Content, Newfoundland and brought into operation. The ship then retrieves the broken cable from the previous attempt, splices on a new length and reaches Heart’s Content on September 8 with the second cable. Further cables are laid until 1884; parts of the 1873 cable remain in use until the 1950s.  
October  Mahlon LoomisRadio telegraphy is demonstrated by Dr Mahlon Loomis (1826-1886) [right] over 22km at Bear’s Den, Loudoun County, Virginia, USA.  
1867 Chronokey  
February 13  Premiere of Johann Strauss's waltz An der schönen blauen Donau (The Blue Danube) in Vienna.  
•  UK parliamentary Select Committee, preparing for 1868 Electric Telegraphy Act, recommends 'that it is not desirable that the transmission of messages for the public should become a legal monopoly of the Post Office'.  
•  Charles CrosCharles Cros (1842-1888), French poet and scientist and friend of Verlaine and Manet, discovers a practical three-colour photographic system. > 1877 April 18
1868 Chronokey  
September  KineographJohn Barnes Linnet, a British printer, patents the kineograph (better known as a 'flip-book or 'flicker-book'). In German the device is called Daumenkino (thumb cinema).  
•  Principle of subtractive colour synthesis described by Arthur-Louis Ducos du Hauron: combining images from each of which all light but that of a particular colour has been filtered out will recreate the colours of the original.  
•  Telegraph Act (31&32 Vict c.73) empowers the British Post Office to establish or acquire telegraph operations in the public interest wherever private enterprises are not providing services. It effectivele paves the way for a government monopoly ('exclusive privilege') in the telegram service, with exemptions for railways, canal and certain other companies.  
•  The Daily News installs American Hoe Company presses, capable of producing 7,500 copies an hour, and reduces the price to 1d.  
1869 Chronokey  
•  Telegraph service is established in Japan between Tokyo and Yokohama.  
•  Du Hauron publishes Les Couleurs en Photographie, in which he describes the subtractive approach to colour photography. > 1878
October 1  Emmanual Hermann in Vienna invents the postal telegram (postcard) to be send through the mail at a lower rate than the normal charge for letters in envelopes. > 1894
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Page updated 14 November 2008
© David Fisher